* an ongoing series of quotations – mostly from artists, to artists – that offers wisdom, inspiration, and advice for the sometimes lonely road we are on.
Carnival in Oruro [Bolivia] is a glorious spectacle. It’s flash, pomp and brilliance can be enjoyed without understanding its long history and intricate mythologies. Still, the onlooker is left with a thousand questions that are not so easily answered. Behind the glitter of Carnival lie the history, the timeless myths and the distinct traditions of this mining community.
According to the Spanish writer Jean Laude, “The function of the mask is to reaffirm, at regular intervals, the truth and presence of myths in everyday life.” This suggests that masks should be studied in context, noting their association with the individual dancer and the history, myths and traditions of the community that produces them. The mask has to be animated within its ritual, comic or social role.
A first step in appreciating the masks is to understand something of the land and people that crafted them. Oruro is a mining city on the open Altiplano at 3,700 meters (12,144 ft.) above sea level. The sky appears a rarified blue, it is intensely cold and a constant wind lifts dust to the eyes. During the year no more than 125,000 people live in the city. Suddenly in the weeks of Carnival, the population doubles or triples.
Three languages, Quechua, Aymara, and Spanish are spoken in Oruro. Their use reflects an ancient pattern of conquest in the history of this land. It is said that the Urus, whose language is now almost lost, were the first inhabitants. In time they were dominated by the Aymara tribes. Later, Quechua was introduced as the Inca advanced their empire from Cuzco. Ultimately the Spanish arrived and founded the present city in 1601 to exploit rich mineral deposits found in the seven hills.
Today, descendants of the Urus live near Oruro around the shore of Lake Poopo. Elements of their distinctive culture remain but they have no wealth in comparison with the more dominant Aymara and Quechua who surround them. A further change came in the recent past because Oruro has acted as a magnet, attracting many people from the countryside to work in the mines.
On one side were the Urus, ancient owners of all the land which now only carries their name (Uro Uro = Oruro). On the other side were the miners, many of whom were Quechua and Aymara migrants. In the middle is “Carnival.”
El Carnaval de Oruro by Manuel Vargas in Mascaras de los Andes Bolivianos, Editorial Quipus and Banco Mercantil
Comments are welcome!
Tags: advanced, Altiplano, ancient, animated, answered, appears, appreciating, around, association, attracting, Aymara, “Mascaras de los Andes Bolivianos”, ”El Carnaval de Oruro”, ”Mascaras de los Bolivianos”, Banco Mercantil, behind, brilliance, Carnival, carries, change, community, comparison, conquest, constant, Copacabana, countryside, created, culture, dancer, deposits, descendants, distinct, distinctive, dominant, dominated, doubles, easily, Editorial Quipos, elements, enjoyed, essence, everyday, exploit, founded, function, further, glitter, glorious, history, in context, Inca, individual, inhabitants, intensely, intervals, intricate, introduced, Jean Laude, Lake Poopo, Lake Titicaca, languages, magnet, Manuel Vargas, middle, migrants, mineral, miners, mining, mythologies, noting, onlooker, Oruro, owners, pattern, people, population, present, produced, Quechua, questions, rarified, reaffirm, recent, reflects, regular, remain, ritual, sea level, seductive, seven hills, social, Spanish, spectacle, spoken, studied, suggests, surround, the masks, thousand, timeless, traditions, tribes, triples, understand, understanding, wealth, writer
A: It’s probably the fact that I keep regular studio hours. Contrary to the cliche of artists working in spurts, I continually work in the studio at least seven hours a day, five days a week, with Wednesdays and Sundays as my days off. I devote another two hours or so in the mornings and evenings for art business tasks: email, sending out jpegs, social media, etc. I always remember something Katharine Hepburn said: “Without discipline there is no life.”
Comments are welcome!
Tags: always, another, artists, believe, business, cliche, contrary, contributes, describe, devote, discipline, evenings, famously, Katharine Hepburn, mornings, probably, professional, progress, regular, remember, sending, single, social media, something, spurts, Studio, success, Sundays, Wednesdays, without, working
Q: To be a professional visual artist is to have two full-time jobs because an artist must continually balance the creative and the business sides of things. How do you manage to be so productive?
A: With social media and other new ways of doing business, managing it all is getting more difficult every day. Bear in mind that I say this as someone who does not have the extra time commitment of a day job, nor do I have children or other family members to care for. I have no idea how other visual artists, who may have these responsibilities and more, keep up with all the tasks that need to be done. In The Artist’s Guide: How to Make A Living Doing What You Love, Jackie Battenfield lists a few of them (believe me, there are others):
…being an artist isn’t just about making art. You have many other responsibilities – managing a studio, looking for opportunities, identifying an audience for your work, caring for and protecting what you have created, and securing money, time, and space – in addition to whatever is happening in your personal life.
To begin with I try to maintain regular studio hours. I generally work on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays, and once I’m at the studio I stay there for a minimum of 7 hours. To paint I need daylight so in the spring and summer my work day tends to be longer. My pastel-on-sandpaper paintings are extremely labor-intensive. I need to put in sufficient hours in order to accomplish anything. When I was younger I used to work in my studio 6 days a week, 9 hours or more a day. I have more commitments now, and can no longer work 60+ hours a week, but I still try to stick to a schedule. And once I’m at the studio I concentrate on doing the creative work, period.
I am productive when I keep the business and creative sides physically separate., ie., no computers, iPads, etc. are allowed into the studio. Recently I tried an experiment. I brought my iPad to the studio, thinking, “Surely I am disciplined enough to use it only during my lunch break.” But no, I wasted so much time checking email, responding to messages on Facebook, etc., when I should have been focusing on solving problems with the painting that was on my easel. I learned a good lesson that day and won’t bring my iPad to the studio again.
As has long been my practice, I concentrate on business tasks when I get home in the evening and on my, so called, days off. After a day spent working in the studio, I generally spend a minimum of two to three hours more to answer email, apply for exhibitions, work on my blog, email images to people who need them, etc. At present I have part-time help with social media – the talented Barbra Drizin, of Start from Scratch Social Media – although my time commitment there is growing, too, as more details need my attention.
No one ever said it would be easy being a professional artist, but then again, I would not choose to spend my days any other way. As I often say, “Being an artist is a calling. Contrary to popular belief, it is NOT a life for wimps… or slackers.”
Comments are welcome!
Tags: "Start from Scratch Social Media", "The Artist's Guide: How to Make a Living Doing What You Love", accomplish, answer, anything, apply, attention, audience, balance, Barbra Drizin, believe, bring, business, care, children, commitment, computer, concentrate, contrary, create, creative, custom, day, day job, daylight, days, detail, difficult, disciplined, easel, easy, email, evening, exhibition, experiment, extra, family, focus, Friday, full-time, good, grow, happening, help, home, idea, identify, in addition, iPad, Jackie Battenfield, job, jpeg, keep up, labor intensive, learn, lesson, life, looking, lunch break, manage, members, message, Monday, money, more, need, opportunities, painting, part-time, pastel-on-sandpaper, period, personal life, physically, popular belief, problem, productive, professional, protect, regular, respond, responsibility, said, Saturday, schedule, secure, separate, side, sight, slacker, social media, someone, space, spend, spring, Studio, studio hours, sufficient, summer, task, think, Thursday, time, Tuesday, visual artist, waste, way, wimp, work, work day, younger